This Child Died in Foster Care

Gresham child died while in foster care
Neighbor says foster mom ‘is a good person’
By Mara Stine

The Gresham Outlook, Sep 5, 2006, Updated Sep 5, 2006

A pair of bright pink “Dora the Explorer” sandals sits next to the front door of a cheerfully painted duplex in Gresham’s Asert neighborhood.

It’s the foster home of a 2-year-old toddler who died of internal injuries Monday, Sept. 4. Police are treating her death as a homicide.

Officials from Legacy Mount Hood Medical Center called police at 3 p.m. to report the suspicious death of a child who lived at 245 S.E. Vista Ave., said Sgt. Teddi Anderson, Gresham police spokeswoman. Due to the toddler’s young age and unexplained cause of death, detectives from Multnomah County’s Child Abuse Team and Major Crimes Team are investigating.

The Department of Human Services, which oversees the Children, Adults and Families Division responsible for administering child protective services including foster care, also is investigating, said Patricia Feeny, spokeswoman.

Few details are being released due to the ongoing investigation. Police can’t comment on how or where the child was injured, whether she was dead when she arrived at the hospital, whether her body showed signs of abuse, whether the child had a history of being abused or who she was living with.

The toddler has siblings, but Feeny couldn’t comment on whether they were in the same foster home or if they had been removed. Feeny did say, “No children are in the home currently.”

Feeny also said it’s “extraordinarily rare” for children to be killed while in foster care. But when it does happen, “nothing prepares you for such a tragic loss,” she said.

Karen Rodregez, a mother of three who lives in the adjacent duplex, can hardly believe the little girl who played with her own children was killed.

“It’s shocking,” she said, standing outside her front door just steps from her neighbors’ door. “I just cried all night.’
The foster parents moved into the duplex about eight months ago from California with their two birth children. They also had two foster children – half-sisters, ages 2 and about 3, Rodregez said.

Both girls came from another foster home. Although the youngest girl still visited the former foster home, her older sister didn’t want to and preferred to remain at her new foster home, Rodregez said. The youngest girl, however, recently returned from a vacation with the previous foster parents, she added.

Rodregez said she doesn’t know what to think of the girl’s death or what caused it. She can’t imagine her neighbors being capable of hurting a child of any age.

“I hope it’s not her, I know she’s a good person,” she said of the child’s foster mother.

The foster mother sometimes baby sat Rodregez’s three boys, ages 7, 5, and 5 months, who loved playing with the girls next door.

“She always takes care of my kids very good,” Rodregez said, adding that her baby would smile when he’d see the woman next door.

Now, she worries that something may have happened to her own children.

“I ask them, ‘Did they ever hurt you, shake the baby?’ and they said no,” Rodregez said. But she’s careful not to ask too much for fear of scaring her children.

For now they just know that the little girl next door went to the hospital. There was an emergency.

“Maybe God took her with him,” she tells them.


How Safe Are They? Not Safe At All!

How Safe the Service? During a recent two-year period, one foster child died on average every seven and a half weeks in the state of Arizona. Four of them were reported as having been “viciously beaten to death” by their foster parents (Jacoby, 1995). Among the deaths in Arizona was that of China Marie Davis, of Phoenix. An autopsy revealed that over her 11 months in the care of her foster mother, Dorothy Jean Livingston, China Marie suffered a compression fracture of the spine, breaks in both forearms and wrists, two broken collarbones, fractures of both thighs, and a broken left arm, right rib and left hand. China Marie finally found her relief in death, after Livingston repeatedly kicked her down a staircase because she refused to clap her hands to gospel music (Harker, 1997). Among the deaths was that of Tajuana Davidson, also of Phoenix. While in foster care the three-year-old suffered a broken shoulder blade, a black eye, and bruises on her stomach, back, legs and arms. But it was the “seven crushing blows to the head” that finally killed her (Wexler, 1995, p. 315). “The state’s foster care system has been racked by tragedy in recent years,” reports the Boston Globe. “In the past three years, several foster children have been murdered or have died from neglect, while others have been horrifically abused” (Murphy & Vaillancourt, 1996). In 1995, at least eight children died while in foster care in Massachusetts, and federal officials were threatening a private lawsuit against the agency if changes weren’t made (MacQuarrie, 1996). But the most telling statistic of all may be that of the seven deaths directly attributable to child maltreatment in Massachusetts in 1995, three of them-nearly half-were in foster care (Grunwald, 1996). Determining the actual incidence and prevalence of child abuse, neglect and fatalities in foster care is problematic given child protection agencies’ apparent unwillingness to investigate or document such cases. In California, for example, the Department’s legal division discovered a “secret room” in the Los Angeles Department containing 15 fling cabinets holding approximately 3,000 case files on foster care facilities that had problems which were not reported to the state. In one case, 10 foster children slept on the floor of a garage, while 10 more were crammed into an upstairs bedroom. Three had been abused, one with a fractured skull and two broken limbs. Yet the home was not closed until months after the conditions were discovered (Little Hoover Commission, 1992). Child welfare departments are rarely forthcoming with information about the actual extent of harm that comes to children in their care. It is largely through audits and casereadings associated with legal actions that the actual extent of the abuses in the foster care system come to light. The reasons for this may not be as complex as they are made to appear. Child welfare officials who have managed to entrench themselves in lifetime civil service positions in the more desirable nooks and crannies of the child welfare system have a vested interest to protect, and those who run public bureaucracies have devised their own “rationalized myths” to protect their interests, argues John Hagedorn (1995). The myths of “doing good” benefit those who are advantaged by existing institutional arrangements. Even as politicians are constantly criticizing “bureaucracy” and “bureaucrats,” they approve millions of dollars worth of public funds to keep the bureaucracies running. As Hagedorn explains: “It’s simply too risky for bureaucrats to admit that their agency may not be ‘doing good.’ The erosion of that myth may lead someone to investigate them or even propose cutting their budgets” (p. 99). In Florida, caseworkers in the Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services reportedly run files relating to a botched investigation through a paper shredder. “Documents were being altered, shredded,” testified a former HRS employee who watched the destruction of the documents. “It went on and on and on . . . It was nothing but a cover-up” (Mathers, 1996). In Oklahoma, an agency administrator dismissed two agency employees accused of the sexual abuse of foster children without so much as a blot on their records (Trammell & Clay, 1992). In Illinois, we find a report of systemwide abuses at the Columbus-Maryville emergency shelter suppressed by Cook County Public Guardian Patrick Murphy (Golden, 1997). In New York City, a caseworker indicated as unfounded the repeated rapes of a young girl in institutional care, notwithstanding the testimony of credible witnesses. One such case involved a young girl who was repeatedly raped by other children at the St. Joseph’s Children’s Services Agency. A 1993 report prepared by New York State Senator Franz S. Leichter (Skrak, 1993) explains: One of the cases this office claimed to be unable to substantiate involved a seven-year-old girl who was apparently repeatedly raped last year by other children at St. Joseph’s Children’s Services Agency in Brooklyn. When deposed in a lawsuit brought by the little girl’s mother, the DSS investigator testified that boys at the facility had told her about their sexual contact with the girl, staff members had admitted witnessing the abuse, and one staff member had admitted engaging in sexually provocative behavior with the girl. In addition, medical evidence which the investigator failed to request confirmed that the little girl had been raped since she arrived since she arrived at St. Joseph’s. Nevertheless, the DSS investigator’s official finding in the case was that there was “no credible evidence” of child abuse or staff neglect. Outspoken veteran Juvenile Court Justice Judy Sheindlin (1996) attributes much of the problem to confidentiality laws. “The only people being protected here are caseworkers and other officials, who regularly hide behind a wall of secrecy,” she writes. Sheindlin notes that dozens of New York City cases where children have been maimed or murdered never reach public attention, and it is not just because they are poor minority children. Rather it is “because of confidentiality rules, which protect inept bureaucrats and a faltering social services system” (pp. 200-201). “In the name of protecting children, we have kept it a secret how we as a society deal with our most vulnerable children,” explained American Civil Liberties Union attorney Eric S. Maxwell to the Massachusetts Senate Committee on Post-Audit and Oversight. “There is a great gap between protecting a child’s identity and keeping the process and acts of our government secret” (Murphy, 1995). “Foster care systems are cloaked in secrecy that often is used to conceal illegal and unconscionable practices,” observed Children’s Rights attorney Marcia Robinson Lowry during Congressional hearings. “Every state in the country cloaks its foster care system in secrecy, prohibiting the disclosure of any information about children’s experiences in foster care. Though these statutes often were enacted to protect children, they routinely are used by state officials to conceal illegal and unconscionable practices” (Committee on Ways and Means, 1995). Indeed, confidentiality laws serve the system well, if the figures from the state of Georgia are to be taken as an indication. Nancy Schaefer, twice a gubernatorial candidate for governor, has repeatedly called for a fundamental restructuring of the state’s foster care system, including the dismantling of the Georgia Department of Family and Children Services. Schaefer charges that an astounding 433 children have died while in state care over the last several years (Thompson, 1997). “Words cannot describe the travesty of justice suffered by these children who, rather than receiving the protection of the state, gave their lives in a most horrible and painful death because of a failed and unaccountable system of administration,” said Schaefer to Macon Telegraph reporters. Some sense of the dimension of the problem is to be obtained from the accounts of those who sit on the bench in the juvenile court. “Many kindly couples have given love, guidance, and homes to strange children,” writes former Philadelphia Judge Lois Lorer (1991). The reality of the courtroom, as she explains, differs markedly from the idealized image of foster care: In court we see countless children who have been abused by their foster parents. Some have been killed. We see troubled children who have been rejected by one foster parent after another and have been moved from home to home, from school to school every few months. I have seen in criminal court foster mothers who have cheated and stolen and engaged in prostitution. I have seen foster fathers with serious criminal records who have beaten their foster children and introduced them to lives of crime (Lorer, p. 193). Lorer is sympathetic to the view expressed by Judge Daniel D. Leddy, of New York Family Court, who she cites as having told the New York Times: “It’s gotten to the point where we’re sending kids home to bad circumstances because foster care is such a terrible alternative.” When Judge Leonard Edwards first sat on the bench in Santa Clara, California, he routinely ordered children to remain in the children’s shelter while social workers completed reports. This practice, intended to show parents how serious the proceedings were, stopped when he visited a shelter himself, finding children exhibiting signs of shock: “I realized then that removal from a parent is a terrible event for a child,” he explains. “They found themselves in a new world of strangers, and they had the terrible fears of not knowing where their parents and brothers and sisters and other loved ones might be. I regularly come across children who have been removed for a weekend and then return home to suffer from months of nightmares. They refuse to be out of the presence of their mothers” Indeed, Judge Edwards has himself presided over cases in which children had been raped, beaten, starved and badly neglected in foster homes (Hubner & Wolfson, 1996, pp. 72-73). “We have to ask ourselves whether we’re doing children a service by taking them out of their homes and placing them in a system that’s just as unable to meet their needs,” says District Judge Bill Jones of Charlotte, North Carolina. “Are we doing them more harm than good?” Says District Judge Deborah Burgin of Rutherfordton, North Carolina: “If you take on the responsibility to take care of someone-and are paid to take care of someone-the least we can ask is that they come out of it alive” (Williams, 1994). Notes former Juvenile Court Judge Judy Sheindlin (1996, p. 111): Every year in every a state a commission meets to attempt to identify the scores of children killed and maimed while in foster care. And each year a report is published with suggestions for legislative and systemic change. Although the number of victims is increasing, there has been no nationwide overhaul of the systems that permit these in-house tragedies to occur. There is no shortage of such reports. A blistering 280-page report issued by the 1993 Massachusetts Governor’s Special Commission on Foster Care recommended abolishing the civil service system used by the Department of Social Services in the hiring and promotion of workers, finding the agency to be on the verge of organizational collapse, with management and leadership failures having left the department virtually paralyzed. As a result, the Commission said, the Department is unable to effectively serve the needs of children and families and many children, while in the care of the department, suffer continued and repeated abuse and neglect. The Commission called for a complete restructuring of the agency, saying that without an overhaul, any other recommended changes will be nearly impossible to undertake. “This commission is asking for nothing less than a serious reformulation of the objectives of the state’s child protection and child welfare systems,” said Dr. Eli Newberger, a Commission member and director of family development programs at Children’s Hospital (Benning & Ribadeneira, 1993). Two years later, after a five-month investigation based on hundreds of interviews with Department of Social Services workers, court personnel and families, a legislative committee found that children in state care were often worse off than they were in the original homes from which they were removed (Lakshmanan, 1995). From New Jersey comes a 270-page report issued by a panel of 26 experts appointed by the Governor-one which makes hundreds of recommendations for revamping the state’s failed child protection system. Among the panel’s findings was that children alleged to have been abused or neglected are abused once again-by the very system intended to help them. The report followed on the heels of another scathing report issued by the Association for Children, in which 75% of the 772 respondents-among them police officers, foster parents, caseworkers and other individuals involved with the system-rated the agency’s performance as inadequate, ultimately forcing the agency’s director, Patricia Balasco-Barr, to resign (Parello, 1998). Two California Grand Juries report: “Professionals working in the field of child abuse voiced strong concerns that the children removed from abusive homes were being abused again by a system designed to protect them” (San Diego Grand Jury, 1991, cf. San Diego Grand Jury, 1989). A Santa Clara County Grand Jury (1993) would reach a similar conclusion: “Sometimes, foster care placements are made that are just as abusive, if not more so, than the home from which the child was removed. The Grand Jury learned of placements where sexual and physical abuse took place. There was even a case where the infant died.” From Washington State, a blue-ribbon task force concludes: “The effect of our present foster care system is disastrous. Children are moved from one foster home to another, their school attendance is disrupted and health care needs often go unmet. They are sometimes exposed to abuse by other children in care” (Governor’s Task Force on Foster Care, 1989). The California-based Little Hoover Commission, in examining the functioning of the foster care system determined: “That children can come to harm-and even die-while supposedly under the protection of foster care is not in dispute.” Some cases cited by the Commission included a foster mother arrested in Los Angeles on charges of beating to death her 23-month-old foster son, allegedly over toilet training problems; a Los Angeles woman arrested for the attempted murder of a 19-month-old foster child who she said fell from a jungle gym-doctors believed the severe head injuries, which may result in blindness, could only have come from abuse; and a Sacramento woman who was injured in a car accident who voluntarily placed her daughter in a foster care facility. During a tantrum by the child, an employee of the facility wrapped her in a blanket and squatted on her. She was later discovered dead. On a national perspective, a recent Time Magazine article (Van Biema, 1994) references a troubling report commissioned by the Reagan Administration in the late 1980s, which concluded: “Foster care is intended to protect children from neglect and abuse at the hands of parents and other family members, yet all too often it becomes an equally cruel form of neglect and abuse by the state.” The Associated Press (Bayles, 1995) reports on a 1994 Department of Health and Human Services audit conducted in six states which found foster homes that were crowded and unsafe. The report illustrates that cases of foster parents inflicting harm on their wards is anything but uncommon: A Sacramento, Calif., man was charged last December with raping and murdering one of his three foster children, a 16-year-old girl. He was arrested after holding the other two children at gunpoint during a standoff with police. The Cook County public guardian’s office recently sued a Chicago private social agency for placing an 11-year-old girl in the home of a convicted rapist who allegedly raped the child. In a separate case, Chicago police say 2-year-old Corese Goldman was killed in February by a foster mother who held him under a faucet to toilet-train him. The woman, a distant relative, was not required to go through training, background checks and a home inspection before taking the child. Abuse and neglect of children in out-of-home care are common (Spencer & Knudsen, 1992). Yet even for those children fortunate enough to enjoy an environment free of overt physical abuse or neglect, conditions vary tremendously, often putting children at genuine risk of harm from other environmental factors. A report by the Office of Inspector General of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1995b) determined that the Texas Department of Protective and Regulatory Services “has no assurance that the quality of care being given to foster children placed by child-placing agencies was adequate.” Federal reviewers found “many cases” of children “in potentially harmful situations.” At least one fire or health deficiency was found at 40 of the 48 homes reviewed. In 28 of the 48 homes, no record could be found to prove that required criminal background checks had been made. The report continues, noting that conditions endured by many foster children are far from the ideal: For 19 of the 43 foster homes visited, the home and/or neighborhood environment appeared to put the safety of the foster children at risk. Neighborhood homes were boarded-up and the yards were overgrown with tall grass and cluttered with debris. Some of the foster home yards were cluttered with old tractors, lawn mowers, and cars. The foster homes were also cluttered with wastepaper, clothes, and debris. Foster children were living in three homes identified by the child placing agency as being located in high crime areas and drug environments. During our visit to one of these homes, the foster parent explained there had been a shooting behind her house the night before. For another home, the case file showed that the neighbors to the foster home were drug dealers and the foster child associated with them. No action was taken to move the children from these surroundings to a safer environment. A subsequent review (Office of Inspector General, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1996) provides insight into some of the dynamics underlying these failures. In auditing a number of private child placing agencies, it was found that the agencies retained 38% of the Title IV-E maintenance payments intended to benefit foster children, diverting the funds instead to pay for such services as “costs of operations, case management, therapy, counseling, respite care, psychiatrists, training, transportation, day care assistance, medical needs not covered by Medicaid, recreation, and other administrative costs.” Money intended to benefit children was routinely appropriated to other programs, auditors found, and not only did the amounts in question total into the millions, but the problems identified were pervasive, affecting the majority of children among the sample group: For example, for a child entitled to a daily maintenance payment of $36.65, one placement agency provided only $10.00 to the foster home. The difference of $26.65 was retained by the child placing agency. In another example, a child placing agency was paying its foster care homes $26.00 a day for children who were entitled to a maintenance payment of $67.10 a day. The agency was keeping the difference of $41.10 for non-maintenance costs. Eight of the nine child placing agencies reviewed consistently paid their foster homes less than the maintenance payment they received from the State agency. Of the 441 children included in this review, a portion of the maintenance payment for 424 of these children was retained for non-maintenance purposes. One of the most comprehensive surveys of abuse in foster care was conducted in conjunction with a Baltimore lawsuit, L.J. v. Massinga. In her analysis, Trudy Festinger, head of the Department of Research at the New York University School of Social Work, determined that over 28% of the children in state care had been abused while in the system. Reviewed cases depicted “a pattern of physical, sexual, and emotional abuses” inflicted upon children in the custody of the Baltimore Department. Additional cases reviewed as the trial progressed revealed children who had suffered continuous sexual and physical abuse or neglect in foster homes known to be inadequate by the Department. These included cases of sexual abuse of young girls by their foster fathers, and one of a young girl who contracted gonorrhea of the throat as a result of sexual abuse in a unlicensed foster home. In Missouri, a 1981 study found that 57% of the sample children were placed in foster care settings that put them “at the very least at a high risk of abuse or neglect” (Kaplovitz & Genevie, 1981). Lowry describes the findings of a subsequent review: “The most troubling result of the Kansas City review was the level of abuse, undetected or unreported, in foster homes. Twenty-five percent of the children in the sample were the subject of abuse or inappropriate punishment. Eighty-eight percent of those reports were not properly investigated” (Subcommittee on Public Assistance and Unemployment Compensation and the Select Committee on Children, Youth and Families, 1988). In Louisiana, a study conducted in conjunction with the Del A. v. Edwards civil action found that 21% of abuse or neglect cases involved foster homes (Stein, 1988). In another Louisiana action, one in which thousands of pages of evidence were reviewed, and extensive testimony and depositions were taken, it was discovered that hundreds of foster children had been shipped out of the state to Texas. Stephen Berzon of the Children’s Defense Fund summarized the findings of the court before a Congressional subcommittee, explaining that “children were physically abused, handcuffed, beaten, chained, and tied up, kept in cages, and overdrugged with psychotropic medication for institutional convenience” (Subcommittee on Select Education, 1976). To provide the committee a favor of what these children were suffering, Berzon ended his testimony by quoting extensively from a report prepared by the Louisiana Welfare Department, which itself investigated out-of-state facilities: There are telling signs that these children in general are far from being fulfilled. The yearning for home-or whatever they conceive of as their home-is ever present in all of them. This feeling came through poignantly as I talked to some of the children. Their tone and wistfulness left me with the feeling that they are “serving time” away from home and for reasons they perhaps do not understand nor fully accept. Some accept their plight passively, others simply run away. Incidents of runaway seem especially high among the adolescent group. Our first visit was undoubtedly very meaningful to the children with whom we were able to talk. That they may not have ever seen us before did not matter. The simple knowledge that we were from Louisiana was instantly soothing for them, for we were a tangible and personal link with home. They seemed to swarm around us (even those not from Louisiana) as though to consume us. We were someone to whom they could ask questions about home. They invariably did ask about home. “Did we know the name of their home town? Their address? . . . or even, Did we know the name of their street? How long would they have to remain here? Would we come back to see them? Would we tell acquaintances hello?” etc. It was almost a desperate plea for assurance that “home” still exists for them. If these children told us anything at all, it is that they are not where they are, away from home, by simple preference. As Children’s Rights attorney Marcia Robinson Lowry explains, physical abuse is only the tip of the iceberg on which foster children are cast adrift: “There are a lot of injuries, a lot of abuse. The most significant thing is the psychological death of so many of these kids. Kids are being destroyed every day, destroyed by a government-funded system set out to help them” (Ambrose, 1994).

Ex Foster Mom’s Parenting Skills Focus At Tot’s Trial in Fatal Beating

Ex-foster mom’s parenting skills focus at trial in tot’s fatal beating
June 4, 2007



A Wayne County Circuit Court jury today heard conflicting portrayals of the former Detroit foster mother charged in connection with the fatal beating and burning of 2-year-old Isaac Lethbridge, who was killed in her home on Aug. 16, 2006.

Wayne County Assistant Prosecutor Lisa Lindsey said Charlsie Adams-Rogers, 60, failed to protect the boy and his 4-year-old sister, who was with him in foster care, from being abused in her home.

“Being a parent is more than a matter of simple biology,” Lindsey said. “If you do it right, the child will survive and thrive. If you do it wrong, the consequences could be fatal. Defendant Rogers did it wrong.”
But defense attorney Warren Harris said Adams-Rogers, who retired from Chrysler after 30 years, had been a model foster parent who cared for dozens of children who came into her home from sometimes-abusive circumstances since the mid-1990s.

“There’s a lot of love being passed around in that house,” Harris said.

Police still have not charged anyone with directly causing the boy’s death. Adams-Rogers is charged with involuntary manslaughter, accused of failing to protect the child while he was in her care. She also is charged with two child abuse counts involving the boy and his sister. If convicted, she could be sentenced to up to 15 years in prison on the manslaughter charge and up to 4 years on the most serious child abuse count.

Adams-Rogers has blamed her then-12-year-old adopted daughter with causing the boy’s death, and Harris reiterated that claim today in court. No one else has been charged in the case.

Isaac and his sister were removed from their parents’ home in Westland on neglect charges in September 2005. According to a Free Press investigation published in January, the two children were placed in three troubled foster homes by the Lula Belle Stewart Center of Detroit. The state suspended the center’s foster care license after Isaac’s death.

Fourteen jurors, four men and 10 women, were seated from a pool of 48. Judge Vera Massey Jones is hearing the case.

Isaac’s parents, Matt and Jennifer Lethbridge, sat quietly in the courtroom today. All 10 of their children have been placed in foster care, including a baby born this spring.

Contact RUBY L. BAILEY at 313-222-6651 or rbailey@….

In memory of foster kids killed while in the sytem

THis Blog was post orginally on the site below. How many do we have to lose before we wake up and understand Child Protective Services is Broken.

This page is in memory of children who died after social service agencies removed them from the care of their parents, placing them with fosters, adopters, group homes, or psychiatric facilities.

Genesis Acosta-Garcia, Las Vegas Nevada, three months old, November 19, 2005, septic shock

Travis C Adams, Salem Oregon, August 8 2000, December 16 2002, wandered into creek

Kayla Y Allen, Richlands North Carolina, November 10 1995 – August 24 2003, poison

Martin Lee Anderson, Panama City Florida, fourteen years old, January 6 2006, beating/suffocation

Richard L (Ricky) Aragon, Albuquerque New Mexico, January 24 1991 – April 12 1993, battered

Shirley Arciszewski, Charlotte North Carolina, April 19 1992 – September 11 2004, restraint

Miguel Humberto Arias-Baca, Westminster Colorado, two years old, February 2 1999, battered

Angellika Nicole Arndt, Minneapolis Minnesota, seven years old, May 26 2006, restraint

Ian August, Sevier Desert Utah, June 21 1988 – July 13, 2002, exhaustion

Denzel Bailey, Los Angeles California, eleven months old, April 2001, malnutrition

Jeffrey Baldwin, Toronto Ontario, December 20 1996 – November 30 2002, malnutrition/pneumonia

Casey Paul Barrow, West Valley Utah, eighteen months old, October 22 2003, battered

Anthony Bars, Indiana, four years old, January 20 2004, starvation, battered

Shelly Bash, Midland Michigan, eight years old, March 2005, transplant rejection

Nadine Catherine Beaulieu, Dauphin Manitoba, twenty three months old, February 1996, battered

Teddy Bellingham, Smiths Falls Ontario, sixteen years old, August 1992, beaten

Jerome Bennett, Oshawa Ontario, fifteen years old, February 3 2006, homicide

Maria Bennett, Lancaster Ohio, two years old, October 23, 2002, battered

Modesto Blanco, Lubbock Texas, twenty two months old, March 2 2002, battered

Christian Blewitt né Osik, Halesowen England, three years old, December 2002, poison/battered

Deondre Bondieumaitre, Florida, sixteen months old, April 16 2003, battered

Timothy Boss, Remsen Iowa, ten years old, February 23 2000, battered

Alex Boucher, New Port Richey Florida, January 25 1997 – September 25 2000, asphyxiation

Ashley Boyd, LaFayette Georgia, twelve years old, December 13 2005, hit by car / suicide

Jason Bright, Las Vegas Nevada, fourteen years old, August 5 2006, gunshot / homicide

Kerry Brooks, Los Angeles California, nine years old, February 10 2001, suicide

Talitha Brooks, Colorado, one year old, July 1998, heatstroke

Amira Brown, Reading Pennsylvania, twelve years old, September 4 2005, battered / restraint

Diminiqua Bryant, Dothan Alabama, two years old, May 1999, battered

Scott Buckle, Swansea Wales, twelve years old, February 6 2005, hanging

Latasha Bush, Manvel Texas, January 2 1987 – February 28 2002, restraint

Michael Buxton, Miami Oklahoma, five years old, July 5 1998, battered

Everlyse Cabrera, Las Vegas Nevada, two years old, June 10 2006, lost

Eduardo Calzada, Bakersfield California, three months old, March 2004, battered

Chris Campbell, Toledo Iowa, thirteen years old, November 2, 1997, restraint

Gladys Campbell, Philadelphia/New Jersey, two years old, ca 1988

Edith Campos, Tucson Arizona, fifteen years old, February 4 1998, restraint

Brianna Canales, Harrisburg Pennsylvania, four years old, April 24 2006, dozen Zoloft pills

Latasha Cannon, Boston Massachusetts, seventeen years old, April 2001, slashed throat

Mario Cano, Chula Vista California, sixteen years old, April 27 1984, untreated blood clot

Joshua K Causey, Detroit Michigan, March 21 1998 – March 18 2003, battered

Jaime Ceballos, Salinas California, two years old, November 27 2005, infection and bleeding

baby boy Charles, Las Vegas Nevada, seven months old, August 4 2006, head injury

Sherry Charlie, British Columbia, nineteen months old, September 4 2002, battered

Sarah Angelina Chavez, Alhambra California, two years old, October 11 2005, battered

Felix Chen, Bloomington Indiana, August 27 1997 – April 1 2004, treatment withheld

Sky Colon Cherevez, Paterson New Jersey, three months old, August 6 1998, battered

Tiffany H Clair, Fort Worth Texas, September 6 1985 – May 4 2001, heroin

Brian Clark, New Jersey, three years old, January 2002, untreated pneumonia

Angelic Clary, Bakersfield California, three months old, September 14 2003

Roshelle Clayborn, San Antonio Texas, sixteen years old, August 18 1997, restraint

Casey Collier, Westminster Colorado, seventeen years old, December 21 1993, restraint

Desiree Collins, Los Angeles California, fourteen years old, February 10 2002, gunshot

Nicholas Contreras, Queen Creek Arizona, January 15 1982 – March 2 1998, untreated infection

Ashleigh Marie Copeland née Lethbridge, Michigan, twelve years old, February 23 2006, grand-mal

Adrianna Cram, Veracruz Mexico (US supervision), August 25 2000 – June 13 2005

Christopher Henry Cryderman, Springfield Missouri, July 27 2004 – November 22 2004, untreated infection

Dirk D Dalton, Clarkston Washington, June 7 1989 – May 1 1994, battered

Arieale Daniels, Naples Florida, fifteen years old, 1999, car crash

Tajuana Davidson, Phoenix Arizona, three years old, November 3 1993, battered

China Marie Davis, Phoenix Arizona, March 23 1991 – October 31 1993, battered

Sabrina Elizabeth Day, Charlotte North Carolina, July 4 1984 – February 10 2000, restraint

Tyler Joseph DeLeon, Stevens County Washington, January 13 1998 – January 13 2005, dehydration

Kameron Justin Demery, Long Beach California, two years old, October 14 1996, battered

Connre Dixon, Ridgefield Township Ohio eleven years old, October 18 2004, stabbing

Mark Draheim, Orefield Pennsylvania, October 10 1984 – December 11 1998, restraint

Charmaria Drake, Cleveland Ohio, twenty months old, March 13 2003, battered

Stephanie Duffield, Manvel Texas, July 14 1984 – February 11 2001, restraint

Willie Lawrence Durden III, Citrus County Florida, seventeen years old, October 2005, unknown/died in cell

Brian Edgar, Overland Park Kansas, nine years old, December 30 2002, asphyxiation

William Edgar, Peterborough Ontario, thirteen years old, March 1999, restraint

Tiffany Eilders, Rancho Cucamonga California, fourteen weeks old, December 7 2005, battered

Ryan Ellison, Las Vegas Nevada, three months old, January 17 2006, prematurity concealed

Kayla Erlandson, King County Washington, two years old, April 1991, battered

Luke Evans, Lowell Indiana, sixteen months old, November 30 2001, malnutrition/battered

Roberta (Berta) Evers, Bayfield Colorado, six years old, June 13 1998, restraint

Sara Eyerman, California, twenty months old, ca 1986, untreated pneumonia

Sean Isaac Faith, Eagle Idaho, three years old, May 13 2006, drowning

Marcus Fiesel, Cincinnati Ohio, three years old, August 6 2006, locked in closet

Miranda Finn, Lake Butler Florida, nine years old, January 25 2006, traffic accident

Laura Fleming, Palmdale California, October 11 2004 – November 21 2004, cause unknown

Sarah Jane Forrester, Woodlawn Maryland, October 30 1985 – found May 13 1999, battered and stabbed

Rita Foster, Pasadena California, four years old, June 29 2006, run over by bus

Kameryn Fountain, Bibb County Georgia, two months old, November 20 2005, unknown cause

Henry Gallop, Boston Massachusetts, two years old, 1987, poison

Alexander Ganadonegro, Albuquerque New Mexico, March 10 1998 – February 4 1999, battered

Christening (Mikie) Garcia, Ingram Texas, twelve years old, December 4 2005, restraint

Camron P Gardner, Waupun Wisconsin, three years old, May 5 2006, battered

Dylan James George, Fremont California, April 16 2002 – October 4 2004, battered

Anthony Marino Gladue, Edmonton Alberta, seventeen years old, April 26 2006, hit by train

Corese Goldman, Chicago Illinois, two years old, 1995, drowning

Mollie Gonzales, Jefferson County Colorado, ten years old, November 18 2002, drug overdose

Julio Gonzalez, Glendale California, May 10 1995 – December 29 1996, battered

Elizabeth (Lizzy) Goodwin, Coeur d’Alene Idaho, March 22 1996 – October 22 2002, drowning

Anthony Green, Brownwood Texas, fifteen years old, May 12 1991, restraint

Sabrina Green, New York City, nine years old, November 8 1997, burned and battered

Lamar D Greene, Jacksonville Florida, sixteen years old, 2001, car crash

Corey Greer, Treasure Island Florida, four months old, ca 1985, dehydration

Gage Guillen, Boston Massachusetts, three years old, 1995, strangulation

Darvell Gulley, Lincoln Nebraska, thirteen years old, April 27 2002, restraint

Savannah Brianna Marie Hall, Prince George British Columbia, September 9 1997 – January 21 2001, malnutrition/restraint

Latiana Hamilton, Jacksonville Florida, seventeen months old, July 18 2001, drowning

Mykeeda Hampton, District of Columbia, two years old, August 1997, battered

Kelly M Hancock, Malden Massachusetts, November 6 1985 – July 18 2000, stabbed

Laura Hanson, West Palm Beach Florida, May 17 1981 – November 19 1998, restraint

Jerrell Hardiman, La Porte Indiana, four years old, October ca 1993, exposure

Alex Harris, Minden Louisiana, twelve years old, September 2005, forced running

Diane Harris, Seguin Texas, seventeen years old, April 11 1990, restraint

Jessica Albina Hagmann, Prince William County Virginia, two years old, August 11 2003, smothered

Letia Harrison, Akron Ohio, October 23 1999 – September 19 2002, baked in attic

Jordan Heikamp, Toronto Ontario, May 19 1997 – June 23 1997, starvation

Eric Hernandez, Cedar Hill Texas, January 6 1999 – March 7 1999, suffocation

Zachary Higier, né Nikita Khoryakov Braintree Massachusetts, May 24 2000 – August 15 2002, battered

Dwight Hill, Tucson Arizona, four months old, November 16 2005, battered

Nina Victoria Hilt née Vika Bazhenova, Manassas Virginia, thirty three months old, July 2 2005, battered

Steven A Hoffa, Des Moines Iowa, February 4 1993 – May 18 1996, battered

Richard (Ricky) Holland, Williamston Michigan, September 8 1997 – July 2005, battered

Michael Anthony Hughes, Choctaw Oklahoma, March 21 1988 – September 12 1994, kidnap/missing

Jarod (Jerry) Hulsey, Mesa Arizona, ten years old, April 3 2006, battered

Joseph (Joey) Huot, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, two years old, January 27 1988, battered

Dion Jack, Sproat Lake British Columbia, six years old, March 1 2006, untreated seizure

Walter Jackson, Chicago Illinois, ten months old, August 9 2005, battered

Dominic James, Springfield Missouri, June 4 2000 – August 21 2002, battered

Billie-Jo Jenkins, Hastings East Sussex England, thirteen years old, February 1997, battered

Demetrius Jeffries, Crockett Texas, seventeen years old, August 26 1997, strangulation

Dontel Jeffers, Boston Massachusetts, four years old, March 6 2005, battered

Ciara S Jobes, Baltimore Maryland, August 17 1987 – December 11 2002, starvation/beating

Stephanie Jobin, Brampton Ontario, thirteen years old, June 21 1998, restraint

Aaron Johnson, Boston Massachusetts, fifteen months old, 1987, poison

Anthony Johnson, Marshall Texas, four years old, July 11 2005, drowning

Elijah James Johnson, Los Angeles California, three years old, May 10 1999, scalded

Lorenzo Johnson, Queen Creek Arizona, 17 years old – June 27, 1994, drowned during escape

Quartrina K (Snappy) Johnson, Pikesville Maryland, December 25 1988 – July 20 2004, beaten and choked

Xolani Nkosi Johnson, Capetown South Africa, twelve years old, June 2 2001, AIDS

Christal Jones, New York City (Vermont ward), May 24 1984 – January 3 2001, suffocation

David L Jones, Chicago Illinois, April 15 1992 – March 7 1998, battered

Xavier Jones, East Orange New Jersey, twenty one months old, June 7 2006, methadone poisoning

Dennis Jurgens né Jerry Sherwood, White Bear Lake Minnesota, three years old, April 11 1965, battered

Marissa (Shorty) Karp, Pompano Beach Florida, December 6 1985 – August 19 2002, gunshot

David Ryan Keeley, New Haven Connecticut, six years old, August 12 1998, battered

Ashley Keen, Lake Butler Florida, thirteen years old, January 25 2006, traffic accident

Cassandra Killpack, Springville Utah, November 29 1997 – June 9 2002, water therapy

Ahmad King né Rawls, Alma Georgia, three years old, January 24 2006, homicide

Heather Michell Kish, Berlin Township Michigan, September 15 1987 -found October 6 2002, murdered

Noah Knapp, Marysville Washington, six years old, May 30 2005, automobile collision

Alissa Kneen, Newport Minnesota, five years old, September 7 2001, house fire

Cordell Kneen, Newport Minnesota, twenty months old, September 7 2001, house fire

Zaire Knott, Newark New Jersey, September 16 2005 – October 20 2005, cause unknown

Anatoli Kolenda, Westfield Massachusetts, May 20 1991 – October 20 2002, stabbing

Yana Kolenda, Westfield Massachusetts, December 31 1990 – October 20 2002, stabbing

Anthony Lamb, Lake Butler Florida, twenty months old, January 25 2006, traffic accident

Keisha Shardae Lane, Hagerstown Maryland, fifteen years old, August 17 2005, gunshot

Shawn Lawrence né Andy Mohler, Shelton Washington, ten years old, October 9 1999, drowning

Brittany Legler, Millcreek Pennsylvania, fifteen years old, May 9 2004, battered

Isaac Lethbridge, Detroit Michigan, two years old, August 16 2006, battered

Trenton Jared Lewis, Canyon County Idaho, three years old, July 8 2006, drowning

Jacob Lindorff, Franklin Township New Jersey, five years old, December 14 2001, battered

Christian Liz, New York City, three weeks old, November 29 2004, suffocation

James Lonnee, Guelph/Hamilton Ontario, sixteen years old, September 7 1996, beaten by cellmate

Gregory Love, Florida, twenty three months old, April 2005, head injury

Nikki Lutke, Cheyenne Wyoming, five years old, August 28 2003, drowning

Zachary James Lyons, Winston-Salem North Carolina, January 24 1992 – October 8 1996, battered

Shaquella Mance, Belton South Carolina, seven months old, March 27 2005, battered

Elizabeth Mann, Lake Butler Florida, fifteen years old, January 25 2006, traffic accident

Heaven Mann, Lake Butler Florida, three years old, January 25 2006, traffic accident

Johnny Mann, Lake Butler Florida, thirteen years old, January 25 2006, traffic accident

Cynthia Nicole (Nicki) Mann, Lake Butler Florida, fifteen years old, January 25 2006, traffic accident

Logan Marr, Chelsea Maine, October 14 1995 – January 31 2001, asphyxiation

Fernando Ibarra Martinez, Bakersfield California, nine months old, March 26 2006, battered

Stephanie Martinez, Pueblo Colorado, five years old, December 31 2001, untreated burns

Tiffany Laverne Mason, Folsom California, June 11 1986 – August 9 2001, battered

Viktor Alexander Matthey né V Sergeyevich Tulimov, Hunterdon County New Jersey, six years old, October 31 2000, hypothermia

Dominic Matz, Osawatomie Kansas, July 6 2002 – February 15 2004, treatment withheld

Jamie Mayne, Atascadero California, March 24 1995 – February 10 2000, battered

Kristal Mayon-Ceniceros, Chula Vista California, sixteen years old, February 5 1999, restraint

Emily Ann Mays, Tucson Arizona, sixteen months old, August 24 2005, battered

Andrew McClain, Bridgeport Connecticut, December 6 1986 – March 22 1998, restraint

Cory Bradley McLaughlin, North Carolina, four years old, July 4 1997, battered

Jerry McLaurin, Brownwood Texas, fourteen years old, November 2 1999, restraint

Maria Mendoza, Katy Texas, fourteen years old, October 12 2002, restraint

Caleb Jerome Merchant, Edmonton Alberta, thirteen months old, November 26, 2005, battered

Denis Merryman né Uritsky, Harford County Maryland, eight years old, January 2005, starvation

Devin Miller, Spokane Washington, twenty months old, August 6 2006, battered

Euryale Miller, Kansas City Missouri, one year old, April 1 2001, battered

Jacob Miller, Georgia, twenty two months old, November 20 1997, battered

Clayton Miracle, Georgia, three years old, August 11 1993, battered

Hanna Denise Montessori, Santa Ana California, March 16 1988 – January 19 2004, homicide/head-injury

Alfredo Montez, Auburndale Florida, two years old, July 1 2002, battered

Zachary Moran, Charlotte North Carolina, fourteen months old, August 8 2003, battered

Christina Morlan, Scott County Iowa, September 3 2003 – November 30 2003, unknown

Carlyle Mullins, Nashville Tennessee, five years old, May 27 2005, battered

Cedrick Napoleon, Killeen Texas, June 26 1987 – March 7 2002, restraint

Candace Newmaker née C Tiara Elmore, Colorado, Movember 19 1989 – April 19 2000, re-birth asphyxiation

Jonathan Nichol, Cook County Illinois, two years old, June 16 1995, drowning

Trevor Nolan, Mono County California, five years old, April 12 1997, treatment withheld

Sierra Odom, Arlington Texas, three years old, August 11 2005, battered

Lenny Ortega, Ingram Texas, twelve years old, May 30 2006, drowning

Keron Owens, Walterboro South Carolina, three years old, January 19 1992, battered

Sean Paddock né Ford, Johnston County North Carolina, four years old, February 26 2006, battered

Omar Paisley, Miami Florida, seventeen years old, June 2003, untreated appendicitis

Terrell Parker, Buffalo New York, two years old, 2003, battered

Travis Parker, Cleveland Georgia, thirteen years old, April 21 2005, restraint

Melva Dee Parrott, Hersey Michigan, May 4 1998 – June 29 2000, bronchitis

Alex Pavlis, né Geiko Schaumburg Illinois, six years old, December 19 2003, battered

Dillon Peak, Saint Petersburg Florida, fourteen years old, June 17 2006, undiagnosed illness

Dawn Renay Perry, Manvel Texas, sixteen years old, April 10 1993, restraint

Angellica Pesante, Seneca County New York, four years old, April 18 1997, battered

Terrell Peterson, Atlanta Georgia, five years old, January 16 1998, battered

Cynteria Phillips, Miami Florida, December 10 1986 – August 14 2000, rape/murder

Marguerite Pierre, West Orange New Jersey, five years old, December 2005, poison

Emporia Pirtle, Indiana, six years old, November 11 1996, battered

Jason Plischkowsky, Southampton England, May 25 1985 – December 19 1986, head injury

Huntly Tamati Pokaia, New Zealand, three years old

David Polreis, Greeley Colorado, two years old, February 6 1996, battered

Maryah Ponce, Rialto California, December 5 1997 – June 29 2001, baked in car

Constance S Porter, Kearney Missouri, July 20 1998 – February 12 2001, battered

Dakota Denzel Prince-Smith, Lancaster California, five years old, July 8 2003, baked in car

Nehamiah Nate Prince-Smith, Lancaster California, three years old, July 8 2003, baked in car

Karen Quill, St Louis Saskatchewan, twenty months old, September 13 1997, internal injuries

Rodrigo Armando Rameriez Jr, Victorville California, eighteen months old, July 6 2001, drowning

Stephanie Ramos, New York City, eight years old, July 9 2005, dumped in garbage can

Bobby Jo Randolph, Houston Texas, seventeen years old, September 26 1996, axphyxiation

Jacquelyn Reah, Grand Rapids Michigan, ten years old, November 27 2004, runaway / hit by car

Latayna Reese, Bradenton Florida, fifteen years old, April 1996

Caprice Reid, New York City, four years old, June 1997, starved and battered

Jonathan Reid, Gardena California, nine years old, June 9 1997, treatment withheld

Matthew Reid, Welland Ontario, three years old, December 15 2005, suffocation

Dustin Rhodes, Litchfield Park Arizona, nine years old, August 13 2003, battered

Alana Rickard-Cowell, Honolulu Hawaii, two months old, April 23 2006, unknown (broken bones)

Eric Roberts, Keene Texas, June 16 1979 – February 22 1996, restraint

Ana Rogers, Sparks Nevada, four months old, July 2005, pre-existing injury

Genevieve “Genny” Rojas, Chula Vista California, four years old, July 21 1995, starvation, scalded

Guadalupe Rosales III, San Antonio Texas, April 2005 – June 13 2006, battered

Paola Rosales, Milton Ontario, fourteen years old, July 3 2001, suicide

Kyle Anthony Ross, Massachusetts, September 7 1995 – June 9 2001, rottweiler

Marlon Santos, Worcester Massachusetts, five months old, November 5 1998, missing

Andres E Saragos, Warm Springs Oregon, August 5 1995 – July 13 2000, baked in car

Gina M Score, Plankinton South Dakota, May 7 1985 – July 21 1999, baked by boot camp

Caprice Scott, Florida, infant, 1999, mother in foster care

Ryan Scott, Sheffield Lake Ohio, two years old, March 27 1998, battered

Krystal Scurry, Aiken County South Carolina, February 1989 – November 2 1991, rape/murder

Andrew (Andy) Setzer, California, April 27 1995 – August 2 1999, battered

Joshua Sharp, Las Vegas Nevada, fifteen months old, August 15 2006, infection

Ariel Shaw, Bibb County Georgia, nineteen months old, January 26 2000, battered

Vivan Uk Sheppard, Jacksonville Florida, eight months old, May 15 1999, suffocation

Colby Shirley, Gallup New Mexico, eighteen months old, March 20 2006, battered

Joseph H Shriver, Pennsylvania, March 2 1997 – October 5 1997, battered

Quincey L Simmons, Omaha Nebraska, August 21 1997 – March 24 2001, battered

Christopher Simpson, Howell Michigan, seven years old, November 14 1998, fire

Jordan Simpson né Richard Morrison II, Howell Michigan, five years old, November 14 1998, fire

Nicole Simpson née Desira Morrison, Howell Michigan, seven years old, November 14 1998, fire

Devin A Slade, Milwaukee Wisconsin, October 23 2000 – June 19 2001, asphyxiation

John Smith, Fishersgate England, four years old, December 24 1999, battered and bitten

Mikinah Smith, Cincinnati Ohio, one year old, March 18 2003, battered

Tristan Sovern, Greensboro North Carolina, sixteen years old, March 4 1998, restraint

Jushai Spurgeon, North Las Vegas Nevada, fourteen months old, April 3 2005, scalding

LeRon St John, Detroit Michigan, fifteen years old, March 1 2003, untreated tuberculosis

Lloyd Stamp, Edmonton Alberta, seventeen years old, September 29, 2005, suicide

Tommy Stacey, Carmichael California, three months old, January 3 2005, SIDS

Elizabeth (Lisa) Steinberg née Launders, New York City, May 14 1981 – November 4 1987, battered

Chris Surbey, Winnipeg Manitoba, October 13 1987 – June 6 2005, stabbing

Yasmin Taylor, Paterson New Jersey, seven months old, May 8 1994, virus

Lakeysha Tharp, Irmo South Carolina, six months old, April 7 2004, asphyxiation

Adam Michael Thimyan, Riverview Florida, October 2 1986 – April 3 2004, gunshot

Timithy Thomas, Banner Elk North Carolina, nine years old, March 11 1999, restraint

Liam Thompson né Dmitry S Ishlankulov, Columbus Ohio, October 3 1999 – October 3 2002, scalding

Michael Tinning, Schenectady New York, two years old, March 2 1981, asphyxiation

Kelly Ann Tozer, Egg Harbor City New Jersey, eighteen months old, July 30 2005, drowning

Patrick Trauffler, Phoenix Arizona, six weeks old, February 18 2003, battered

Heaven Traverse, Winnipeg Manitoba, two years old, January 14 2005, battered

Demetrius Tyler, Johnson City Tennessee, six months old, November 10 2004, drowning

Tyler Vanpopering, Southgate Michigan, September 23 2003 – April 14 2004, battered

Jacqueline Venay, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, six years old, September 21 1998, battered

Reena Virk, Saanich British Columbia, fourteen years old, November 14 1997, teen swarming

George Walker III, DeKalb County Georgia, ten months old, November 7 2002, choking

Michelle Walton, Boston Massachusetts, October 6 1994, asphyxiation

Erickyzha Warner, Utica New York, July 19 2002 – May 31, 2004, untreated burns

Shane Devell Washington, Fresno California, fifteen months old, circa 1996, drowning

Evan Watkins, Las Vegas Nevada, twenty one months old, July 11 1996, battered

Omar Wellington, Toronto Ontario, seventeen years old, July 15 2006, stabbing

Devin Wilder, Cleveland Ohio, July 29 1998 – April 21 2001, battered

Dominic J Williams, Saint Louis Missouri, June 8 1987 – June 3 2004, strangulation

Andrew Wilson, Owensboro Kentucky, three years old, August 7 2005, drowning

Lorenzo J Wilson, Seattle Washington, January 29 2004 – October 22 2004, battered

Rilya Wilson, Florida, born September 29 1996, 2001, lost

Michael Spencer Wiltsie, Silver Springs Florida, September 18 1987 – February 5, 2000, restraint

Jimmy Allan Wood, Adams County Colorado, fourteen years old, November 13 2002, drug overdose

Jonnie Wood, Springdale Arkansas, eight years old, August 13 2005, drowning

Braxton D Wooden, Missouri, May 15 1997 – June 2 2005, gunshot

Donte L Woods, West Palm Beach Florida, February 25 1986 – May 27 2002, gunshot

Thomas (T J) Wright, Providence Rhode Island, three years old, October 31 2004, battered

Willie Wright, San Antonio Texas, fourteen years old, March 4 2000, restraint

Rufus Manzie Young Jr, Michigan, four years old, April 6 2003, battered

for the kids

Where is Jada?

Missing and Murdered ChildrenWell, I Left Her in the Car…
10.09: Trial Date Engelica Castillo – March 2010

Comments (2)

Original Post: June 17, 2009Last Updated: 10.26.2009View Sources

This story is eerily similar to the October 2008 disappearance of two-year-old Tangena Hussain in Michigan. She has never been found.

Last night Gary, Indiana police received a call about a missing two-year-old female. According to the babysitter, Angelica Castillo, 18, she left the toddler in her car while she ran into a the Glen Park Gas Station, at 1401 E. Ridge Rd. in Gary, Indiana to purchase a gallon of milk and cigarettes. According to the babysitter, when she returned to the vehicle the child was gone. She called police at 9:30p.m.

According to the child’s mother, the babysitter is her cousin and her daughter has been staying with the cousin for about eight days. She says the last time she spoke to her daughter it was either Thursday or Friday.

I don’t know. If I had left my two-year-old with relatives for a planned two-week summer stay I think I would be calling my child each night to say good-night and to see how she was adjusting to the visit. I watched the video of the interview with the mother and she seems sort of detached about the whole thing. I could not see if she was crying real tears or not because of the sunglasses she was wearing during the interview. The father seems more concerned and has made statement that he does not believe the babysitter’s account of what happened.

“I think it was more like, ‘I made a mistake, I did something,’” said Jada’s father Clarence Justice. “To me, that’s the vibes I got is like, ‘I did something.’ I don’t want to speak on it, I don’t want to speak on the worst.’”
“I don’t know. I don’t know what to feel. There are so many different speculations,” said Jada’s mother Melissa Swiontek. “I feel like I’m going to find her. I mean, I do feel like she can’t be gone, like it’s not even happening.”1

As in the Hussain disappearance, there is no video to show what went on at the vehicle.

However, in this disappearance witnesses have come forward stating they did not see a child in the car. The storekeeper stated the babysitter was only in the store a little over a minute and search dogs have not picked up Jada’s scent at the gas station. I don’t know how search dogs work but maybe they can’t pick up a scent because it was raining that night.

Other concerns involve fresh burns on the boyfriend’s arms and face for which he has not given a reasonable explanation. The boyfriend and babysitter are still being questioned by Gary, Indiana police.

Strangely enough as of this evening an AMBER Alert has not been issued for the this child. Michigan authorities issued an AMBER Alert for Tangena when she was reported missing under similar circumstances. I don’t suppose an AMBER Alert will help in this situation anyway. It didn’t help find Tangena.

If you know the whereabouts of Jada Justice or the circumstances surrounding her disappearance you are asked to call either the Hobart, Indiana Police Department at 1-219-942-1125 or the F.B.I. hotline at 317-639-3301.

Jada is a 2-year-old black female. She is 2′2″ tall and weighs 35lbs. Jada has brown eyes and black hair. Her date of birth is August 3, 2006. When last seen Jada was wearing an orange skirt and striped shirt.

The FBI has entered the case as of this evening. They are treating the case as a possible abduction. Law enforcement, the FBI, and family members converged on the convenience store property this evening. They were searching the area and handing out Jada’s picture.

Law enforcement are trying to put together a time line. They are asking people to come forward and tell them the last time they saw Jada, where she was, and who she was with at the time.

Police plan to charge the 18-year-old babysitter with felony child neglect for leaving Jada in the car unattended. Police also served a search warrant on the babysitter’s home. The took away some articles of clothing.

Trial Update

Sunday June 21, 2009

There really isn’t much to write about regarding Jada’s disappearance. By that I mean she is still ‘missing’. Police do not buy into the claim the babysitter, Angelica Castillo, of how Jada disappeared. The home the 18-year-old former gang member shares with her boyfriend was searched. Investigators did some digging in the backyard of the home; however, they determined the child was not buried there.

Angelica Castillo was arrested on charges of felony child neglect, but the charges were later dropped.

Police believe there are witnesses out there who know what happened to Jada. They may have witnessed something that they don’t realize is important to the investigation. They are asking for the public’s help. They want to know the following information:

Police are looking for anyone who may have seen her (Angelica Castillo) or her boyfriend, Tim Tkachik, between Sunday June 14 and Tuesday June 16. They may have been driving either a 1991 maroon Cadillac Fleetwood or a 1999 Chevy Tahoe…
…”We believe there are individuals who have information important to this investigation who have not yet come forward because they did not feel their information was important, they thought someone else may have reported it, or they believe it was not relevant,” said Deputy Chief Jeff White, Hobart Police.2

(The bold text in the quote above was added by me for clarification purposes).

Police announced there would be no search conducted for Jada today. They did not give a reason for halting the search; however, they did say the search would resume tomorrow. I don’t know, maybe the search was put on hold because it is Father’s Day.

Jada’s mother, Melissa Swiontek, issued a plea in the media on Friday night.

“I have no idea. I just want her home. I have no idea. She just needs to come home. Somebody has an idea. Somebody knows something and they need to talk,” said Melissa Swiontek, Jada’s (sic) mothe.3

Rewards & Contacts

The family is offering a $6,000 reward for information leading to Jada’s recovery.

•FBI: 1-800-FBI
•Gary Police Commander Anthony Titus: (219) 881-1237, (219) 881-1229, (219) 881-1209 or (219) 881-1210.
The FBI is treating Jada’s disappearance as a possible abduction. Gary and Hobart Police contacted the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children to see if an AMBER Alert could now be issued for Jada. The answer was no, that Jada’s disappearance does not meet their criteria for an AMBER Alert. OK, I am scratching my head once again regarding the decision of who qualifies for an AMBER Alert.

Gary police contacted the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, but learned the case involving Jada did not meet the criteria for an AMBER Alert because investigators do not have detailed information on a suspect.4